Remember that food provides the energy that we need in the form of calories to survive and if we eat more then we need, the body will store the extra and we will gain weight. To minimise that risk, we should also recommend that our clients exercise.
According to the government here in the UK, only 37 percent of men and 24 percent of women take enough exercise to get any benefits from it. To avoid obesity, heart disease and other life-limiting conditions, the chief medical officer recommends the following:
Adults should do a minimum of 30 minutes moderate-intensity physical activity, five days a week. You don't have to do the whole 30 minutes in one go, it could be split into 10 minutes bursts of activity spread through the day, if you prefer - it’s the total that matters.
The activity does not have to be done in the gym, but can be a ‘lifestyle activity’ (in there words, walking to the shops or taking the dog out) of course it could be structured exercise or sport, or a combination of these, however, whatever you do should be a moderate intensity, that means it makes you slightly breathless or a little warm.
People who are at risk from obesity, as a result of an underlining medical condition, e.g. diabetics, need 45-60 minutes of exercise at least five times a week, and if you have diabetes, it will be much better controlled if you exercise to that pattern.
Fo optimum bone health, activities that produce high physical stresses on the bones are necessary.